• Vol 23, No 1 (2019)
  • Article

Undergraduate Students’ Intelligence Profiles According to the Tes Intelligensi Kolektif Indonesia Tinggi (TIKI-T): A Cluster Analysis Based on the Rasch Model Person Ability

Whisnu Yudiana, Hery Susanto, Airin Triwahyuni


Publish at : 31 Jul 2019
Hubs-Asia : Hubs-Asia Vol 23, No 1 (2019)
DOI : 10.7454/hubs.asia.1180718


Cite this article as:
Yudiana, W., Susanto, H., & Triwahyuni, A. (2018). Undergraduate Students’ Intelligence Profiles According to the Tes Intelligensi Kolektif Indonesia Tinggi (TIKI-T): A Cluster Analysis Based on the Rasch Model Person Ability. Makara Human Behavior Studies In Asia, 23(1), 84-96. DOI:10.7454/hubs.asia.1180718
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Whisnu Yudiana Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor 45363, Indonesia
Hery Susanto Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor 45363, Indonesia
Airin Triwahyuni Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor 45363, Indonesia
Email to Corresponding Author


This research aims to identify undergraduate students’ intelligence profiles using a two-stage cluster analysis based on the person’s ability of the Rasch model to examine the effect of the clusters on academic performance. A total of 1443 undergraduate students from nine academic disciplines at Universitas Padjadjaran in Bandung, Indonesia, participated in the study, completing 11 subtests of the Tes Intelligensi Kolektip Indonesia Tinggi (TIKI-T). A hierarchical cluster analysis approach using Ward’s linkage method and squared Euclidean distance was conducted, followed by a nonhierarchical k-means cluster analysis using simple Euclidean distance as the similarity measure to examinetwo-, three-, four-, and five-cluster solutions. An intra-class correlation (ICC) and a discriminant analysis were also conducted to validate the cluster membership results. This research identified five profiles of intelligence that had an effect on academic performance. Students with high scores in the scholastic aptitude subtests tended to have higher grade point average than those with high scores in the nonverbal ability subtests and the speed and accuracy ability subtests. The findings can be used as a recommendation for psychologists in Indonesia for university placement tests.