Perceived Threat of Homosexuals in Indonesia: Construct, Measurement, and Correlates
Tjipto, S., Haksi Mayawati, E., & Bernardo, A..B. (2019). Perceived Threat of Homosexuals in Indonesia: Construct, Measurement, and Correlates. Makara Human Behavior Studies In Asia, 23(2), 181-193. DOI:10.7454/hubs.asia.1111219
|Susana Tjipto||- Psychology Department, Sanata Dharma University, Indonesia
|Elisabeth Haksi Mayawati||- Independent Researcher
|Allan B.I. Bernardo||- De La Salle University, Philippines
homonegativity still exists and acts of violence against homosexual groups
still happen, but there has not been much research on aspects of this
homonegativity beyond inquiring into general attitudes towards homosexuals.
This study has several aims: to qualitatively explore dimensions of perceived
threat, to develop a measure of perceived threat of homosexuals, and to study
some correlates and perceived threat of homosexuals in Indonesian samples. We
used a mixed-method approach (qualitative-quantitative) to gather the data.
Study 1 is a qualitative study that seeks to identify expressions and
dimensions of perceived threat of homosexuals using thematic analysis of responses
to an open-ended questionnaire and of online media articles. Study 2 develops a measure of perceived
threat of homosexuals based on the results of Study 1, then establishes the
factor structure and reliability of the measure, and explores some correlates
of the measure. developed. The implications of using the scale to further study
homonegativity in Indonesia and other Asian societies is discussed.