• Vol 24, No 2 (2020)
  • Human Behavior in Response to COVID-19

Socio-demographic Determinants of Indonesian Mothers’ Psychological Distress during COVID-19 Pandemic

Laila Qodariah, Fitri Ariyanti Abidin, Fitriani Yustikasari Lubis, Vidya Anindhita, Fredrick Dermawan Purba


Cite this article as:
Qodariah, L., Abidin, F.A., Lubis, F.Y.., Anindhita, V.., & Purba, F.D.. (2020). Socio-demographic Determinants of Indonesian Mothers’ Psychological Distress during COVID-19 Pandemic. Makara Human Behavior Studies In Asia, 24(2), 101-108. DOI:10.7454/hubs.asia.2201020
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Laila Qodariah - Department of Developmental Psychology, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor 45363, Indonesia
- Center for Psychological Innovation and Research, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor 45363, Indonesia
Fitri Ariyanti Abidin - Department of General and Experimental Psychology, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor 45363, Indonesia
- Center for Psychological Innovation and Research, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor 45363, Indonesia
Fitriani Yustikasari Lubis - Department of Educational Psychology, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor 45363, Indonesia
- Center for Psychological Innovation and Research, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor 45363, Indonesia
Vidya Anindhita - Department of Developmental Psychology, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor 45363, Indonesia
- Center for Psychological Innovation and Research, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor 45363, Indonesia
Fredrick Dermawan Purba - Department of Developmental Psychology, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor 45363, Indonesia
- Center for Psychological Innovation and Research, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor 45363, Indonesia
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The Indonesian government imposed a large-scale social restriction policy to prevent the spread of COVID-19. This policy affected the community, including mothers, and may have caused psychological strain on them. This study aimed to (i) establish a dataset on the psychological distress reported by mothers in Indonesia and (ii) identify demographic factors and pandemic-related characteristics that determine psychological distress. An online survey was administered from April 20 to April 25, 2020, and 1534 surveys were submitted. Bivariate and multivariate regression models were constructed to examine the associations between sociodemographic variables, depression, anxiety, and stress. The results demonstrated that the level of the psychological distress domain scores was relatively low; additionally, stress was reported the most, followed by anxiety and depression. The number of children and being informed of a neighbor who tested positive were correlated with depression symptoms. The mother's age and being notified of a neighbor who tested positive correlated with anxiety symptoms. The length of the marriage and being notified of a neighbor who tested positive correlated with stress symptoms. These data help identify persons at greater risk of suffering from psychological distress and provide a baseline for further research and interventions targeting the mothers' psychological distress.