HUBS Asia is an elaboration of MAKARA Seri C: Bidang Sosial Humaniora (issn 1693-6701) after the name of Jurnal Penelitian Universitas Indonesia MAKARA (Research journal of Universitas Indonesia, Makara), which has been published since 1997. Starting from 2008, the journal has been periodically published twice a year (July and December). Since 2002, the journal transformed into Makara of Social Sciences and Humanities series. Later in 2014 it evolves into HUBS Asia (Human Behavior Studies in Asia) with a clearer focus on human behavior instead of a broad range of humanities and social sciences issues. Full texts are available from Volume 6 No. 1 April 2002 Free of charge.