Submitted Date : 11 Oct 2018 | Author(s) : Annisa Seminar , Sarwiti Sarwoprasodjo, Rilus Kinseng
Understanding of Food Sovereignty: Indonesian Peasants in a Transnational Agrarian Movement
La Via Campesina (LVC) is a transnational agrarian movement that actively promotes food sovereignty as an alternative approach to the global food crisis. Communication among local, national, and global members of this movement is needed to spread it further and support food sovereignty. This study focused examines the dynamics of local–global communication in a food-sovereignty movement by comparing peasants’ statements in the relevant communicative spaces and official texts produced by LVC. The method of ethnography of communication (EO) is used to determine peasants’ understanding of food sovereignty and the context that influences it. Based on a multi-site strategy of ethnography for gathering data, we observed seven relevant communicative spaces and interviewed 22 peasants from 15 Indonesian regions. We also gathered secondary data to analyze LVC’s official publications. We found a convergence between local and global in understanding food sovereignty, suggesting that the dynamics of local–global communication are influenced by the following: (1) the existence of communicative spaces on the local, national, and global levels; (2) the importance of the participation of local peasants in these communicative spaces; and (3) location-specific issues.
Submitted Date : 12 Sep 2018 | Author(s) : Pingkan Rumondor
Is There an Application for Improving Marriage Satisfaction? An Overview of Smartphone Usage in Urban Young Adults’ Marital Interactions
Technological advancement is like a double-edged sword; that is, it has both positive and negative effects on marital interactions. Although previous studies have discussed the negative impact of excessive smartphone usage on marriage, smartphones, as a means of promoting positive marital interactions, require further investigation. Thus, this descriptive study provides an overview of smartphone usage that supports marital interactions. The participants included 265 married individuals (20-40 years of age) living in the Greater Jakarta area (Jabodetabek), who completed an online survey about smartphone usage in their marital interactions as well as a relationship satisfaction assessment. Thematic analyses of the qualitative data were conducted to describe smartphone habits such as the most frequently used applications, the most helpful features in supporting positive marital interactions, perceived benefits, etc. Correlations and cross-tabulations were also performed to describe the association between marital satisfaction and smartphone usage. The findings indicated that the frequency of smartphone usage did not correlate with marital satisfaction. However, smartphone usage with a spouse served as a tool for relationship maintenance. The results of this study can be helpful for young married adults in urban areas, especially those aiming to maximize smartphone usage in order to improve marital interactions and satisfaction.
Submitted Date : 12 Sep 2018 | Author(s) : Muhammad Abdan Shadiqi, Hamdi Muluk, Mirra Noor Milla
Palestinian Solidarity Action: The Dynamics of Politicized and Religious Identity Patterns among Student Activists
This study attempted to explain the factors that lead Muslim student activists to participate in Palestinian solidarity actions by testing the Social Identity Model Collective Action model (SIMCA, van Zomeren, Postmes, & Spears, 2008). A survey of 303 student members/administrators of Islamic organizations was conducted. The sample was obtained from more than seven Islamic-based student organizations. Collective solidarity actions were comprised of peaceful actions such as demonstrations, protests, and petition signings. The model involved two identities (politicized and religious) and two mediators (group efficacy and group-based anger). Results of the Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) analysis suggest that politicized identity, as indicated by strength of participants’ affiliations with Islamic organizations and movements, predicts solidarity action intention more effectively than religious identity. Other study findings demonstrated that group efficacy is a significant partial mediator of the interaction between politicized and religious identities, and collective action. Religious identity has a stronger interaction with collective action than politicized identity within the partial mediating effect of group efficacy. Meanwhile anger (group-based) does not influence the desire to engage in collective action either directly or as a mediator.
Submitted Date : 17 May 2018 | Author(s) : Yulina Eva Riany, Monica Cuskelly, Pamela Meredith
Psychometric Properties of Parenting Measures in Indonesia
We examined the psychometric properties of two parenting measures, the Parenting Styles and Dimensions Questionnaire (PSDQ) and the Parent-Child Relationships Questionnaire (PCRQ) which were translated into Indonesian for use in Indonesia. The Indonesian versions of these questionnaires were completed by 514 parents and 459 parents, respectively. Participants were parents (mostly mothers) of typically developing children, who completed the measures through an online or paper-based survey. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA), parallel analyses, internal and external construct validity and internal reliability were performed on both measures. Results revealed that the translated version of the PSDQ consisted of three factors. Two of these factors reflected the Authoritative and Authoritarian subscales of the original measure; however, the Permissive subscale was not obtained. A third factor, labelled Reasoning, was extracted. The translated PCRQ was found to have the same structure as the original version of the measure. Some modifications were required for both instruments, and the modified versions of the instruments had acceptable internal consistency. Development of these translated and modified instruments will support parenting research within Indonesia.
Submitted Date : 12 Sep 2018 | Author(s) : Yusaumi Ramadhanti Fitri Taufik, Prabu Wardono, G. Prasetyo Adhitama
The Impact of Music Games on the Social Interaction of Elderly Occupants in the Communal Room of a Nursing Home
Being elderly is a stage of life characterized by physiological, psychological and social maturity, and degradation. Initial observation has revealed that the elderly rarely interact with other elderly people in communal rooms and activities. Furthermore, they tend to enjoy activities related to music the most. The presence of a stimulus based on hobbies in a communal room through a music game was expected to revitalize spatial function and increase the elderly’s life quality. The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of a music game and identify the elements thereof, which can influence the elderly’s social interaction in a communal room. A quasi experiment was employed and the results were analyzed using Wilcoxon Signed Rank statistics test. The results revealed that communal rooms can function as social space by implementing a music game. Music has an impact on the elderly’s social interaction in relation to the time they wish to play, their willingness to invite other elderly people, the type of social contact, duration of interaction, and the number of participants. The choice of a video clip game is an element of a music game, which had a dominant effect on their social interaction in comparison to the choice of singers’ pictures and lyrics of notes games.
Submitted Date : 12 Sep 2018 | Author(s) : Whisnu Yudiana, Hery Susanto, Airin Triwahyuni
The Intelligence Profile of the University Students Using the Tes Intelligensi Kolektip Indonesia Tinggi (TIKI-T): A Cluster Analysis Based on the Rasch Model Person Ability
This research aims to identify undergraduate students’ intelligence profiles using a two-stage cluster analysis based on the person’s ability of the Rasch model to examine the effect of the clusters on academic performance. A total of 1443 undergraduate students from nine academic disciplines at Universitas Padjadjaran in Bandung, Indonesia, participated in the study, completing 11 subtests of the Tes Intelligensi Kolektip Indonesia Tinggi (TIKI-T). A hierarchical cluster analysis approach using Ward’s linkage method and squared Euclidean distance was conducted, followed by a nonhierarchical k-means cluster analysis using simple Euclidean distance as the similarity measure to examine two-, three-, four-, and five-cluster solutions. An intra-class correlation (ICC) and a discriminant analysis were also conducted to validate the cluster membership results. This research identified five profiles of intelligence that had an effect on academic performance. Students with high scores in the scholastic aptitude subtests tended to have higher grade point average than those with high scores in the nonverbal ability subtests and the speed and accuracy ability subtests. The findings can be used as a recommendation for psychologists in Indonesia for university placement tests.
Submitted Date : 28 May 2018 | Author(s) : Cynthia Vivian Purwanto, Lina Natalya
Tomorrow Will Always Come; I Am A Last-Minute Person: Validation of the Active Procrastination Scale-Bahasa Indonesia
Procrastination, the habitual delaying of tasks, has long been considered to negatively affect procrastinators. Chu and Choi (2005), however, have newly recognized active procrastination, a form that has positive effects on procrastinators. This study aims to validate the use of the Active Procrastination Scale (APS) in Bahasa Indonesia. In this validation, 239 undergraduate students completed online questionnaires consisting of the APS and other measurements (GPA, Pure Procrastination Scale (PPS), Academic Motivation Scale (AMS), and International Personality Item Pool (IPIP-50 item) in Indonesian. The data was analyzed using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), exploratory factor analysis (EFA), reliability analysis, intra-correlation analysis, and correlation analysis with other criteria. Both CFA and EFA revealed that all items matched the same factors as Choi and Moran (2009)’s original design (RMSEA?0.08, GFI?0.9, CR ? 0.7, AVE ? 0.5). In addition, all dimensions were reliable (CITC ? 0.3, ? ? 0.6). Meanwhile, intra-correlation analysis indicated that each dimension correlated with all others, in keeping with previous findings. The same findings were also found in correlation analysis. Each dimension showed the same correlation patterns with other criteria as the prior findings. In conclusion, the APS-Bahasa Indonesia is a valid procrastination measurement.