Submitted Date : 23 Feb 2019 | Author(s) : Chysanti Arumsari, Bernard Amadeus Jaya Jap, Sri Tiatri, Tjibeng Jap
Factors Predicting Reading in Indonesian Adolescents
The current study investigates predictors of reading abilities of adolescents in Standard Indonesian (SI). Reading predictors typically signify, with some degree of error, essential cognitive skills needed for individuals to read effectively. This is crucial since it forms a key part of the initial steps to assess or identify reading-related language impairments such as dyslexia. In addition to measures of reading itself and nonverbal intelligence, the present research examines six empirically motivated potential predictors of reading and decoding: phonological awareness; phonological short-term memory; verbal and semantic fluency; rapid automated naming (RAN); motor control; familial risk; and, self-reported factors. The results show that RAN is a dominant predictor among the other factors that were considered in adolescent SI speakers. The results also show strong support for the notion that the importance of RAN increases as children age. Moreover, it is consistent with previous studies that have argued that RAN is a vital predictor of reading development in transparent orthographies.
Submitted Date : 01 Dec 2018 | Author(s) : Edwin Adrianta Surijah, Cokorda Tesya Kirana
Five Love Languages Scale Factor Analysis
This research reexamines composing factors of the Five Love Languages. Previous research has shown differing results on this topic. The Five Love Languages were measured by adapting the Five Love Languages Scale. This scale was then modified to lengthen participants’ response range and add one ancillary item. The research sample comprised of 687 undergraduate students and selected through proportionate quota sampling. Sample age ranges were between 17 and 40 y old. Exploratory factor analysis showed items were laid out accordingly with factor loading for each item ranging from .464 up to .853. EFA also exhibited love language is constructed by four components. The unique aspect found on this research was sacrificial element.
Submitted Date : 12 Sep 2018 | Author(s) : Pingkan Rumondor
Is There an Application for Improving Marriage Satisfaction? An Overview of Smartphone Usage in Urban Young Adults’ Marital Interactions
Technological advancement is like a double-edged sword; that is, it has both positive and negative effects on marital interactions. Although previous studies have discussed the negative impact of excessive smartphone usage on marriage, smartphones, as a means of promoting positive marital interactions, require further investigation. Thus, this descriptive study provides an overview of smartphone usage that supports marital interactions. The participants included 265 married individuals (20-40 years of age) living in the Greater Jakarta area (Jabodetabek), who completed an online survey about smartphone usage in their marital interactions as well as a relationship satisfaction assessment. Thematic analyses of the qualitative data were conducted to describe smartphone habits such as the most frequently used applications, the most helpful features in supporting positive marital interactions, perceived benefits, etc. Correlations and cross-tabulations were also performed to describe the association between marital satisfaction and smartphone usage. The findings indicated that the frequency of smartphone usage did not correlate with marital satisfaction. However, smartphone usage with a spouse served as a tool for relationship maintenance. The results of this study can be helpful for young married adults in urban areas, especially those aiming to maximize smartphone usage in order to improve marital interactions and satisfaction.
Submitted Date : 22 Feb 2019 | Author(s) : Rahkman Ardi
Partisan Selective Exposure to Fake News Content
Selective exposure to political news in social media in Indonesia is escalating along with the increasing polarization of Indonesian people. This research aims to investigate: 1) differences in selective exposure to fake news content among incumbent and opposition supporters; 2) the association between critical thinking ability and partisans’ selective exposure. Repeated measures design was employed as the experiment design. Respondents were student activists of extra-campus organizations with particular political ideologies, who have pro-incumbent or pro-opposition preference. Seventy-one respondents were recruited, consisting of 34 incumbent (Jokowi) supporters and 37 opposition (Prabowo) supporters. Data was analyzed using independent t-test, a paired sample t-test, and correlational analysis. Results show that the opposition side was more inclined to demonstrate selective exposure by believing in fake news about their political enemy, compared to the incumbent supporters. This is shown by their tendency to believe and spread discrediting news about their political opponents rather than doing so for news which discredits their side. No association between critical thinking and partisan selective exposure was found. The implication of these results is that the critical point in debiasing is not necessarily predicated merely on analytical thinking ability, but might also rest on one’s ability to think open-mindedly.
Submitted Date : 23 Feb 2019 | Author(s) : Lailatul Faizah, Tjut Rifameutia
Sojourner Students’ Adjustment: Do They Need to Lower Their Normative Achievement Goal Orientation to Remain Confident and Survive?
Adjustment is very important for college students, especially for sojourner students. Even though sojourner students initially had high academic self-efficacy, it does not necessarily help them to survive their new academic learning environment. This study argues that normative achievement goal orientation moderates the relationship between academic self-efficacy and academic adjustment among sojourner students. To test the hypothesis, data was collected from 296 first-year sojourner students from 16 public universities in Indonesia and analyzed using Hayes moderator analysis. The results showed that normative achievement goal orientation negatively moderated the relationship between academic self-efficacy and academic adjustment (b = -0.09, SE = 0.04, p = 0.02). The results of the present study indicate that the role of normative achievement goal orientation is maladaptive. By using the big fish—little pond phenomena at the discussion, we make sense of the results with the aim of advancing current knowledge. We proposed collaborative learning as a method to lower first-year sojourner students’ normative achievement goal orientation, thus helping them to increase academic adjustment.
Submitted Date : 12 Sep 2018 | Author(s) : Whisnu Yudiana, Hery Susanto, Airin Triwahyuni
The Intelligence Profile of the University Students Using the Tes Intelligensi Kolektip Indonesia Tinggi (TIKI-T): A Cluster Analysis Based on the Rasch Model Person Ability
This research aims to identify undergraduate students’ intelligence profiles using a two-stage cluster analysis based on the person’s ability of the Rasch model to examine the effect of the clusters on academic performance. A total of 1443 undergraduate students from nine academic disciplines at Universitas Padjadjaran in Bandung, Indonesia, participated in the study, completing 11 subtests of the Tes Intelligensi Kolektip Indonesia Tinggi (TIKI-T). A hierarchical cluster analysis approach using Ward’s linkage method and squared Euclidean distance was conducted, followed by a nonhierarchical k-means cluster analysis using simple Euclidean distance as the similarity measure to examine two-, three-, four-, and five-cluster solutions. An intra-class correlation (ICC) and a discriminant analysis were also conducted to validate the cluster membership results. This research identified five profiles of intelligence that had an effect on academic performance. Students with high scores in the scholastic aptitude subtests tended to have higher grade point average than those with high scores in the nonverbal ability subtests and the speed and accuracy ability subtests. The findings can be used as a recommendation for psychologists in Indonesia for university placement tests.
Submitted Date : 28 May 2018 | Author(s) : Cynthia Vivian Purwanto, Lina Natalya
Tomorrow Will Always Come; I Am A Last-Minute Person: Validation of the Active Procrastination Scale-Bahasa Indonesia
Procrastination, the habitual delaying of tasks, has long been considered to negatively affect procrastinators. Chu and Choi (2005), however, have newly recognized active procrastination, a form that has positive effects on procrastinators. This study aims to validate the use of the Active Procrastination Scale (APS) in Bahasa Indonesia. In this validation, 239 undergraduate students completed online questionnaires consisting of the APS and other measurements (GPA, Pure Procrastination Scale (PPS), Academic Motivation Scale (AMS), and International Personality Item Pool (IPIP-50 item) in Indonesian. The data was analyzed using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), exploratory factor analysis (EFA), reliability analysis, intra-correlation analysis, and correlation analysis with other criteria. Both CFA and EFA revealed that all items matched the same factors as Choi and Moran (2009)’s original design (RMSEA?0.08, GFI?0.9, CR ? 0.7, AVE ? 0.5). In addition, all dimensions were reliable (CITC ? 0.3, ? ? 0.6). Meanwhile, intra-correlation analysis indicated that each dimension correlated with all others, in keeping with previous findings. The same findings were also found in correlation analysis. Each dimension showed the same correlation patterns with other criteria as the prior findings. In conclusion, the APS-Bahasa Indonesia is a valid procrastination measurement.