e-ISSN 2406-9183       print ISSN 2355-794X


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Author Guidelines

Submission Template: Download (Ms.Word, English)

Publication ethics and malpractice policy:
There are three aspects of code of ethics for authors that need special attention: originality and plagiarism (or self plagiarism).

1. Originality

Authors must submit original works only. Authors must not submit the same work to other journal at the same time or while the manuscript is under review. Authors must wait for a rejection decision or formally request for withdrawal before submitting to another journal.

The manuscript must not have been previously published or accepted for publication elsewhere, except as a conference proceedings paper, where the paper is work in progress toward the submitted manuscript. Author must inform in the manuscript if it was published previously as conference paper.

Author must properly cite all existing works which may overlaps or used as material for the manuscript, both in the body text and in the reference list. Authors must explicitly cite their own earlier works used as material in the manuscript. If exact sentences or paragraphs that appear in another work by the author are included in the manuscript, the material should be put in quotation marks and appropriately cited in a way that does not compromise the double-blind review process.

The manuscript should identify the origin and originality, of the datasets used in the paper, such as data collected through survey. Authors should mention if the dataset has been used elsewhere by this or another Author, whether published or not.

2. Plagiarism and Self-Plagiarism

All work in the manuscript should be free of any plagiarism, falsification, fabrications, or omission of significant material.

Authors are expected to explicitly cite others' work and ideas, even if the work or ideas are not quoted verbatim or paraphrased. This standard applies whether the previous work is published, unpublished, or electronically available. Failure to properly cite the work of others may constitute plagiarism. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

Redundancy (or “self-plagiarism”) is an unacceptable publishing behavior. Redundancy can occur in at least two ways: (1) Authors recycle portions of their previous writings by using identical or nearly identical sentences or paragraphs from earlier writings in subsequent research papers, without quotation or acknowledgement; or (2) Authors create multiple papers that are slight variations on each other, which are submitted for publication in different journals but without acknowledgement of the other papers.

Authors can and often do develop different aspects of an argument in more than one manuscript. However, manuscripts that differ primarily in appearance, but are presented as separate and distinct research without acknowledging other related work, constitute attempts (whether unintentional or deliberate) to deceive reviewers and readers by overinflating the intellectual contribution of the manuscript. Since publication decisions are influenced by the novelty and innovativeness of manuscripts, such deception is inappropriate and unethical.

If exact sentences or paragraphs that appear in another work by the Author are included in the manuscript, the material must be put in quotation marks and appropriately cited.

3. Reporting Standards

The reports of original research should be in accordance with the actual work performed by author(s) and the actual data obtained. It should also provide the objective discussion containing the research significance. If necessary, Makara Hubs-Asia will also ask the provision of raw data used for the manuscript for editorial review.

Author(s) should not publish manuscript/article that has been published before in different journal. Also, proper acknowledgment of the work of others must be always given. References should always be included when the author(s) cite the work of others. The standard format for the manuscript should be in accordance with APA Style. Failing to comply with these standards constitute unethical behaviour and are unacceptable.

Submission of Manuscript:

All manuscripts submitted should be original scientific works by authors,  have not been published previously, and should not be simultaneously under consideration for publication by other publication media. For communication purposes, authors should provide their postal address, email address, telephone number, and facsimile number.

The author submits the manuscript through HUBS Asia’s website. All authors’ information should be stripped out (since it will be forwarded to the reviewer in blind-review process). The manuscript should be written in accordance with the provided template and the file must be in editable Ms.Word format. The length of the manuscript should be between 10 to 15 pages of A4 paper. The Board of Editors reserves the right to make some adjustment to the format for uniformity.

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

I aware and agree that:

  1. The article is original and is not being considered for publication elsewhere.
  2. All authors have approved the paper for release and are in agreement with its content.
  3. The manuscript is free of any plagiarism or self plagiarism.
  4. The manuscript file complies with the given template and has been saved in Ms.Word format.

All submitted manuscripts will be subjected to double blind reviews, with the final decisions are taken by the Editors.  Authors will receive a notification from the Editor if (1) the manuscript is accepted for publication, (2) the author is required to make some revisions (major or minor revisions, or (3) the manuscript is rejected.

The author should send the original form of copyright transfer for distribution which has been signed to the Editor after the manuscript is accepted for publication.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. The text is single-spaced; uses a 10-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  4. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  5. For the purpose of blind review, please exclude author(s)’ name, institutions, and contact information on the manuscript that you upload. You can provide the author(s)’ personal information within the next section
  6. The manuscript should follow the IMRD (Quantitative Research: 1. Introduction, 2. Methods, 3. Results, 4. Discussion, 5. Conclusion; Qualitative Research: 1. Introduction, 2. Methods, 3. Results and Discussion, 4. Conclusion) structure
  7. Writing format (References, Tables, and Figures) should adhere to American Psychological Association Style
  8. My submitted manuscript possess theoretical novelty and contribution for the advancement of science

Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.


  1. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.


  1. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).


Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

Editors’ responsibilities are to decide which submitted manuscript should be published and which reviewers should review the manuscript. Due to the double-blind peer review policy, we disclose any information about the author and the reviewer (name, residency, citizenship, and contact information) for every manuscript. The manuscripts that are being processed must not be used by anyone without the author’s consent.